Gaydos, J.K. 2014. Salmonella in wildlife. Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference, Orlando, Florida.
Type: Technical report or proceeding
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An estimated 1.2 million cases of salmonellosis occur annually in the United States (approximately 42,000 are laboratory-confirmed and reported to the Centers for Disease Control; CDC). Transmission comes primarily from contaminated food, water or contact with infected animals only some of which are wild animals. Of the 50 Salmonella outbreaks reported by the CDC between 2006 and 2013, only 5 (10%) were related to wildlife. These included the 2013 outbreak related to small turtles (Salmonella Sandiego, Pomona and Poona), two 2012 events associated with hedgehogs (Salmonella Typhimurium) and small turtles (Salmonella Sandiego, Pomona and Poona), the 2011 outbreak connected to Africa dwarf frogs (Salmonella Typhimurium) and the 2010 water frog-related outbreak (Salmonella Typhimurium).